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Posts Tagged ‘Russian wheat aphid’

IMustapha KSU248hessfly_adultHessian Fly

Mustapha El-Bouhssini (MS ’86, PhD ’92) Aleppo, Syria, is a global authority on plant resistance to insects in grains and has worked to develop crop varieties resistant to several important arthropod pests.

He recently received the Distinguished Scientist Award from the International Branch of the Entomological Society of America for significant contributions to entomological research.

El-Bouhssini serves as an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Entomology. This position has helped initiate collaborative projects between K-State and ICARDA on Hessian fly genetics and resistance in barley to the Russian wheat aphid.

From the KSU AgReport Spring 2015

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Multimillion-dollar project using unmanned aerial systems to detect emerging pest insects, diseases in food crops
By Greg Tammen K-State News and Communications Services Mar 19, 2015

 

550bad2ac0cac.imageRich Brown, KSU, Salina, KS,prepares an unmanned aircraft for flight.

MANHATTAN — Kansas State University is leading an international, multimillion-dollar project that is looking at unmanned aerial systems — or UAS — as a quick and efficient method to detect pest insects and diseases in food crops before outbreaks happen.

Brian McCornack, associate professor of entomology, is the U.S. principal investigator on the $1.74 million three-year project, “Optimizing Surveillance Protocols Using Unmanned Aerial Systems.” The project partners Kansas State University’s Manhattan and Salina campuses with Australia’s Queensland University of Technology, the Victorian Department of Environment and Primary Industries, and the Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.

The project was recently funded by the Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre — a consortium of several of Australia and New Zealand’s leading governmental research institutions and universities supported by industry and governmental partners. Kansas State University is the center’s only U.S. partner. Australia and Kansas share similar agricultural systems and concerns about emerging diseases and insect pests.

“In both Australia and the U.S., there is a lot of interest in the plant biosecurity field on how to increase the efficiency and detection rates of plant-based threats using emerging technologies,” McCornack said. “Unmanned aerial systems technologies are promising because they’re inexpensive and you can cover a lot of ground in a short amount of time.”

McCornack and researchers at Kansas State University’s Manhattan and Salina campuses are conducting a series of studies that look at how accurately UAS can detect invasive insects and emerging diseases in commercial wheat fields, as well as how to optimize information collected during flights.

The team’s findings may lead to new pest management strategies that use UAS and other imaging technologies for detecting invasive pests in horticulture and grain industries.

The project will initially target the Russian wheat aphid and wheat stripe rust, also commonly referred to as “yellow rust.”

Kansas State University researchers are working with landowners and the Federal Aviation Administration to conduct approved UAS flights in wheat fields around Kansas. Researchers in Australia are conducting complementary flights to collect supporting data.

Researchers will use UAS to repeatedly monitor FAA-sanctioned fields in key Kansas counties over the wheat-growing season. Aerial images captured by the UAS will be compared and used to identify field sections that have abnormalities, possibly caused by key insect pests or diseases.

According to McCornack, using UAS in this manner removes the current needle-in-the-haystack approach to monitoring crop plants.

“Currently, early detection of an invasive pest requires a great amount of luck and sweat,” McCornack said. “Typically, a landowner has to make an educated guess about where to go in a large field to check for infested plants. It works, but if a farmer or scout has several thousand acres to manage, it’s not very time effective. Whereas with remote sensing, you can scan a wide area in a short amount of time.”

In addition to testing for accuracy, researchers will look at how to refine the aerial images captured by the UAS in order to provide landowners with the most usable data. For example, this could include comparing images taken at varying heights and resolutions — from satellite images to pictures taken on the ground with a mobile device.

“It’s important that we’re able to detect the next invasive pest,” McCornack said. “Since 2001, the invasive soybean aphid has changed how we manage much of the 75 million acres of soybean in the North Central U.S. We believe that using UAS and working closely with farmers and scouts to regularly monitor crops and look for those changes early on can reduce the likelihood of repeating what happened with soybean aphid. Using this technology is not a guarantee, but it can help us understand how to quickly manage new pests that do establish.”

http://www.gctelegram.com/news/state/multimillion-dollar-project-using-unmanned-aerial-systems-to-detect-emerging/article_cdcd3e2a-3c31-5182-9901-97fc29f67bc0.html

 

 

 

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What’s new at ICARDA Issue 19, September 2014

Bhoussini blog-3-19-sep-2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Mustapha El Bouhssini, principle entomologist at ICARDA

ICARDA scientist wins prestigious international award An ICARDA scientist has been awarded a prestigious international award from the International Branch of the Entomological Society of America (ESA), the largest organization in the world that serves the professional and scientific needs of entomologists and individuals in related disciplines. Dr. Mustapha El Bouhssini, principle entomologist at ICARDA, has received the ‘Distinguished Scientist Award’ in recognition of his significant contributions to entomological research and a career devoted to sustainable agricultural research for development. He is a specialist in integrated pest management, applying cultural practices, biological control, botanical insecticides, and host plant resistance to boost the production of wheat, barley, chickpea, lentil, and fava bean.  This is the latest in a series of awards over the past decade. This year Dr. El Bouhssini received an Award of Merit for his research in Morocco on Hessian Fly resistance in wheat from the International Plant Resistance to Insects Working Group. He has also been selected to receive the 2014 Distinguished Alum from the Department of Entomology at Kansas State University (KSU) this Fall. These follow an International Plant Protection Award of Distinction from the International Association for Plant Protection Sciences (IAPPS) in 2007 and a CGIAR Award in 2006 that recognized Dr. Bouhssini’s efforts to apply integrated pest management techniques in the fight against Sunn Pest. In addition to his research at ICARDA, Dr. Bouhssini is an adjunct Associate Professor at KSU in the United States where he received both his Masters and PhD degrees. This position has helped initiate a number of important collaborative projects between KSU and ICARDA: one on Hessian Fly genetics, and the other on resistance in barley to Russian wheat aphid. During the course of his career, Dr. El Bouhssini has trained over 200 scientists and technicians from North Africa, and West and Central Area in the area of integrated pest management. Speaking of the Award, Dr. Mahmoud Solh, ICARDA’s Director General commented: “This prestigious recognition is due to Dr. El Bouhssini’s professional dedication, commitment and remarkable contributions to agricultural research for development. ICARDA is certainly very proud of this recognition.” – See more at: http://icarda.org/blog/%5Bnode%3ABlog%20type%5Dicarda-scientist-wins-prestigious-international-award#sthash.0yORHKVo.dpuf

 

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