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Annual Report 2013
Posted on May 27, 2014 by Kelly Izlar
The IPM Innovation Labs’s FY 2013 (October 1, 2012–September 30, 2013) annual report is now available. Click below to download the document.

http://www.oired.vt.edu/ipmcrsp/publications/annual-reports/annual-report-2013/

For users with lower bandwidth and/or with interest in only certain specific topic areas, we will split individual chapters and major sections out of the Annual Report for you to view individually. Check back in the coming weeks for a list of individual chapters and sections for download. For more information contact: rmuni@vt.edu

Table of Contents

Management Entity Message
Highlights and Achievements in 2012–2013

Regional Programs
Latin America and the Caribbean
East Africa
West Africa
South Asia
Southeast Asia
Central Asia

Global Programs
Parthenium
International Plant Diagnostic Network (IPDN)
International Plant Virus Disease Network (IPVDN)
Impact Assessment
Gender Equity, Knowledge, and Capacity Building

Associate & Buy-In Awards
Indonesia
Nepal
Bangladesh

Training and Publications
Short- and Long-Term Training
Publications

Appendices: Collaborating Institutions and Acronyms

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Yorke Peninsula farmer Mark Schilling runs the Cunliffe bait station.

Cheap mouse bait killing off plague
ABC Rural Lauren Waldhuter

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-05-21/yorke-peninsula-dead-mice/5468110

Mouse bait mixing stations are helping Yorke Peninsula farmers in South Australia control mice numbers.

At the start of the season, farmers were planting grain crops in paddocks that had been inundated with mice.

The mice can eat the seeds farmers sow, as well as newly-germinated crops.

Grain growers have spent tens of thousands of dollars on bait to try to kill off the mice and keep their crops safe.

Now new baiting stations, where poison and grain are mixed together on the farm, are making that process cheaper.

Maitland farmer Dylan Schultz has spent a lot of time spreading bait in his paddocks.

“We’ve baited some paddocks three times,” he said.

“They only need to eat one (poisoned) grain. One grain is lethal to a mouse.

“But it’s been shown that a mouse can actually eat 20 grains before they die.

“That’s why it’s important to be able to put out more bait per hectare.”

Cunliffe farmer Mark Schilling has a mouse bait mixing station on his farm.

The station is a shed, where the process of mixing poison and grain can take place.

The stations have to be approved by a number of regulatory bodies before they can go ahead.

Mr Schilling says it would have been better if the stations had been opened earlier, but it’s a relief the cheaper bait is finally available.

“If you came and saw me a month ago, there were mice everywhere. They’ve quietened right down now.

“It’s a combination of the season having broken and we’ve been baiting pretty heavily, as we now have access to cheap bait.”

 

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Senior technical officer Ernie Steiner with the x-ray irradiator used to sterilise Mediterranean fruit fly.

Sterile flies released in South Australia
ABC Rural By Joanna Prendergast

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-05-21/wa-fruit-flies-released/5467068

Scientists in Western Australia are breeding millions of fruit flies for release in South Australia.

In Australia, there are two types of fruit fly – the Mediterranean and Queensland flies. Both spoil a wide range of fruit and vegetables by laying their eggs in maturing crops.

The sterile Mediterranean fruit flies are being used as a control measure after an outbreak at Sellicks Beach, south of Adelaide.

Bill Woods, from the WA Department of Agriculture and Food, says the sterile flies outbreed their fertile counterparts, but they’re not cheap.

“South Australia was paying $5,000 for a million. There is money in flies. We just wish we could sell them at Bunnings and then we could retire,” he said.

Mr Woods says sterile flies work by outnumbering the existing fertile male flies. The female fly mates with the sterile fly and lays eggs which won’t hatch, reducing the population.

He says that with the reduction of chemicals permitted for use in Western Australia, he expects sterile flies may make a comeback for WA fruit growers.

 

 

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http://www.scidev.net/global/agriculture/news/bee-booby-traps-defend-african-farms-from-elephants.html

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Dieter Telemans / Panos

Speed read

  • Conflicts between farmers and elephants are a growing problem
  • Fences incorporating beehives take advantage of elephants’ aversion to bees
  • ‘Beehive fences’ are in use in Botswana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda

 

[NAIROBI] Wire fences booby-trapped with beehives are being built in five African countries to prevent elephants from raiding farms, while also providing local people with honey.‘Beehive fences’ are now being put up in Botswana, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda by UK charity Save the Elephant, says Lucy King, leader of the Elephants and Bees Project in Kenya — and they are already in use at three communities in Kenya.

The project, which is a collaboration between Save the Elephants, the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom and the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund, studies how to use the African bush elephants’ instinctive avoidance of African honey bees to avoid crop losses.

King says conflicts between farmers and elephants are a growing problem, with the animals’ encroachment onto farms causing massive crop losses.

But she tells SciDev.Net that it is easy to construct simple beehive fences using local materials.Hives are hung every 30 feet and linked together,” says King. If an elephant touches one of the hives or the interconnecting wires, the beehives all along the fence swing and release the stinging insects.

Global distribution of undernourishment_Figure 1_F&F
The hives, which are connected with trip wires, are easily upset — releasing the stinging insects — if elephants get too close. Credit: The Elephants and Bees Project in Kenya. ENLARGE ICON Click here to enlarge

She says that a pilot study she led involving 34 farms on the edge of two farming communities in northern Kenya found beehive fences to be an effective elephant deterrent compared with traditional thorn bush barriers.

King says that in the study, which was published in 2011 in the African Journal of Ecology, elephants made 14 attempts to enter farmland and 13 of these were unsuccessful. In each case the elephants were forced to turn away from the area after confronting a beehive fence or walk the length of the fence to choose an easier entry point through a thorn bush.

Only once did elephants break through a beehive fence to eat crops, according to the paper.

Where elephants and agricultural land overlap, incidents of humananimal conflict are on the increase.

Paul Udoto, Kenya Wildlife Service 

More than a decade ago, research found that elephants avoid feeding on acacia trees with beehives in them, says King. “This was followed by behavioural experiments demonstrating that not only do elephants run from bee sounds, but they also have an alarm call that alerts family members to retreat from a possible bee threat,” she says.

Electric fences have proved successful in barring elephants from some human designated areas, says the study. But King notes that, in Kenya, electrification projects often fail because of poor maintenance, spiralling costs and the lack of buying capacity among the communities where the elephants are common.

King says farmers and conservation agencies have focused recently on the effectiveness of farmer-based deterrents such as fire crackers, dogs or drums, but the use of beehive fences has proven more successful.

A similar method — playing recorded tiger growls to scare off marauding elephants — has been trialled separately in India.

According to Paul Udoto, corporate communications manager at the Kenya Wildlife Service, the use of beehive fences to prevent elephants from raiding farms is not a silver bullet, but it could be used alongside these other interventions.

He adds that human-animal conflict is largely due to people moving onto land used by animals.

Where elephants and agricultural land overlap, incidents of humananimal conflict are on the increase, Udoto tells SciDev.Net.

Suresh Raina, a bee expert at the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology in Kenya, is impressed with the idea.It is an intelligent solution to a challenge which farmers were facing in the past to save crops from the incursion of elephants in their fields, he tells SciDev.Net.

> Link to full paper in the Journal of African Ecology

 

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May 7, 2014, 10 a.m.

A WEBSITE could be the weapon of choice for farmers in the war against pest insects.

This website is called IPM Guidelines for Grains, which offers detailed information and advice for best management of destructive insect pests within Australia’s major grain crops.

It includes specific recommendations for each stage of crop development.

Developed by the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Entomology team, in conjunction with collaborators in all grain growing regions of Australia, the site equips growers and advisors with the latest advice to minimise production loss.

Also designed to help implement effective, long-term pest management practices on a whole-of-farm basis, DAFF Senior Extension officer, Entomology Kate Charleston said the IPM Guidelines took a problem-solving approach as opposed to being a rigid set of management guidelines.

They draw on all available pest management tools to tailor recommendations according to crop type, growth stage and location.

“This website provides easy-to-find information that you are unlikely to find on any other pest management website,” Ms Charleston said.

“Essentially what we have done is collected all the known information about integrated pest management in grains, including some novel practices, and applied this to specific pests and crops.

“Pest pages focus on management tactics for each crop stage including ‘off season’ operations and planning, while in the crop pages we have provided risk tables to address questions such as ‘when is the crop most at risk from pests’; ‘is there something I can do to minimise pest pressure’; or ‘can certain environmental conditions make the crop more susceptible to certain pests’?”

In addition to targeted IPM recommendations, the website contains an extensive collection of supporting material that is available both on the site and via external links, as well as a series of images to help users identify individual pest species.

The website is funded by the National Invertebrate Pest Initiative (NIPI), which is supported by the Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC), and brings together scientists from state government departments, universities, farmer groups and CSIRO to address pest management issues in the Australian grains industry

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See: http://www.ippc2015.de for full details

 

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CIAT/Agrobiodiversidad

April 3, 2014 by acarvajal
El talón de Aquiles de la yuca, una raíz, cultivada ampliamente en África, Asia y América Latina, es la vulnerabilidad a las plagas y enfermedades. Esto debido en parte al método de propagación del cultivo —generalmente mediante la siembra de estacas del tallo— que muchas veces facilita que las plagas y enfermedades pasen de una temporada de cultivo a otra.

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estacas_yuca

Científicos del CIAT, apoyados por la Fundación Bill y Melinda Gates, a través del programa Grand Challenges Explorations (GCE), le apostaron en 2012 a un proyecto de investigación orientado a propagar yuca usando semillas sintéticas producidas por plantas limpias y sanas, para contribuir a romper este ciclo de plagas y enfermedades. “Las semillas se producirían a partir de embriones somáticos in vitro que provienen de plantas libres de enfermedades”, aclara Paul Chavarriaga, biólogo molecular del Área de Investigación en Agrobiodiversidad del CIAT.

Tras casi dos años de investigación en el proyecto “Semillas sintéticas para la propagación clonal de yuca libre de enfermedades”, los resultados son positivos y muy alentadores. Tanto así que dos de los científicos del CIAT involucrados en el proyecto, Paul Chavarriaga y Roosevelt Escobar, han sido invitados a participar en el taller del programa piloto Xcelerator de GCE, que tendrá lugar del 7 al 9 de abril en el campus de la Fundación Bill y Melinda Gates en Seattle, Estados Unidos.

“Para nosotros esta invitación podría significar el respaldo a este proyecto que buscará sacar del laboratorio los buenos resultados alcanzados, para hacerlos útiles a nivel masivo”, así lo percibe Paul Chavarriaga, quien ve cómo el objetivo de la segunda fase está muy sintonizado con el compromiso de la Fundación Gates para reducir de forma muy importante la propagación de plagas y enfermedades de la yuca en África.

Este taller, financiado por la Alianza del Colegiado Nacional de Inventores e Innovadores (NCIIA, por sus siglas en inglés), la Fundación Lemelson y la Fundación Gates, está diseñado para ser una inmersión de tres días en la que los participantes recibirán capacitación y orientación acerca de la comercialización y desarrollo de su innovación. Todo esto con el fin de facilitar su rápido avance y proveer el apoyo necesario para que alcancen mayor impacto y escala.

– See more at: http://ciatblogs.cgiar.org/agrobiodiversidad/semillas-sinteticas-de-yuca-del-laboratorio-al-uso-masivo/#sthash.pfNHU3Sn.dpuf

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