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IAPPS Region X (NEARC)

Present committee members

Dr. Izuru Yamamoto, Senior Advisor

Dr. Noriharu Umetsu, Senior Advisor

Dr. Tsutomu Arie, a representative of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, the chair of Region X

Dr. Tarô Adati, a representative of Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology

Dr. Hiromitsu Moriyama, a representative of Pesticide Science Society of Japan, the secretary general of Region X

Dr. Rie Miyaura, a representative of The Weed Science Society of Japan

12th Steering Committee of IAPPS Region X (NEARC)

12th Steering Committee of IAPPS Region X (NEARC) was held on May 13, 2022 online.

Agenda

  1. Report of the financial results for FY2021 and approval of the budget for FY2022.
  2. The Phytopathological Society of Japan and the Society of Agricultural Chemicals were the official partners of International Year of Plant Health (IYPH2020) established by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN). A certificate merit of the social activities on plant protection from the societies has awarded by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan. (An example issued for The Phytopathological Society of Japan is seen below).
  • May 12 is determined as the International Day of Plant Health. The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan has created a publicity video (English and Japanese versions) of the International Day of Plant Health on BUZZMAFF, the official YouTube channel, with the cooperation of the International Plant Protection Convention Secretariat, FAO.

Video in English: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_nppsmKOUN0

Video in Japanese: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wcIZUZT3L20

  • Arie, T, the chair of Region X, was invited to the Committee on Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, House of Representatives, the Diet of Japan on Mar 24, 2022 to express the opinion as an expert on the revision of the Plant Protection Law and Law for Measures for achievement of Decarbonization and Resilience with Innovation (see photo below).

Video in Japanese: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NmpdK7ocF1Y

Assuming that there come inquiries about keynote speakers and symposium themes from the postponed IPPC2024 conference in Greece, nominations of candidates was requested. In addition, we started to consider the travel assistance to IPPC2024.

Annual activities related to IAPPS especially to IPM of plant diseases, insects and weeds, and plant regulation (from April 2021 to March 2022)

The Phytopathological Society of Japan (PSJ)

55th Plant-Pathogen Interaction Study Group Meeting, Online; Sep 1–3, 2021

2021 EBC Study Group Workshop, Online; Sep 15, 2021

2021 Kanto District Meeting, Online; Sep 21–22, 2021

2021 Kansai District Meeting, Online; Sep 21–22, 2021

2021 Tohoku District Meeting, Online; Oct 12–14, 2021

2021 Hokkaido District Meeting, Online; Oct 15, 2021

2021 Kyushu District Meeting, Online; Nov 24–26, 2021

20th Phytopathogenic Fungi Study Group Meeting, Online; Dec 11, 2021

30th Fungicidal Resistance Study Group Symposium, Online; Mar 23, 2022

2022 Annual Meeting, Online; Mar 27–29, 2022

The society will start supporting overseas travel of student members from 2023.

Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology (JSAEZ)

66th Annual Meeting, online; Mar 20–22, 2022

29th Annual Research Meeting of the Japan-ICIPE Association, Online; Mar 22, 2022

Pesticide Science Society of Japan

38rd Study Group Meeting of Special Committee on Bioactivity of Pesticides, Online; Apr 23, 2021

40th Symposium of Special Committee on Agricultural Formulation and Application, Online; Oct 15, 2021

38th Annual Meeting of Special Committee on Environmental Pesticide Science, Hyogo and Online; Oct 28–29

35th Annual Meeting of Special Committee on Pesticide Design, Online; Nov 12, 2021

44th Annual Meeting of Special Committee on Pesticide Residue Analysis, Fukui and Online; Nov 17–18, 2021

20th Study Group Meeting of Special Committee on Agrochemical Bioscience, Online; Nov 19, 2021

28th Annual Meeting of Special Committee on Pesticide Regulatory Science, Online; Dec 3, 202

47th Annual meeting, Okayama and Online; Mar 7–9, 2022

The Weed Science Society of Japan (WSSJ)

1st Study Meeting, Kanto Weed Science Society, Online; Jun 21, 2021

2021 Annual Meeting, Chugoku-Shikoku Regional Weed Science Society, Online; Jul 14, 2021

79th Meeting, Kyushu Weed Control Research Society, Online; Aug 25, 2021

2nd Study Meeting, Kanto Weed Science Society, Online; Sep 9, 2021

2021 Study Group Meeting of Weed Utilization and Management in Small Scale Farming, Online; Oct 16, 2021

Study Group Symposium of Alien Plants Monitoring, Online; Oct 23, 2021

2021 Annual Meeting, The Weed Science Society of Kinki, Kyoto; Nov. 28, 2021

16th Study Group Meeting of Herbicide Resistant Weeds, Online; Dec 1, 2021

36th Symposium of Weed Science Society of Japan, Okayama (Online-hybrid); Dec 11, 2021

8th Meeting, The Weed Science Society of Tokai-Hokuriku, Online; Dec 12, 2021

2021 Annual Meeting, Kanto Weed Science Society, Online; Dec 24, 2021

23rd Annual Meeting, The Weed Science Society of Tohoku, Japan, Online; Mar 9, 2022

61st Annual Meeting, Online; Mar 29–30, 2022

Hono-Kai (means, Meeting who are appreciating agriculture)

36th Hono-Kai Symposium, Online; Sep 29, 2021

Japan Biostimulants Association

4th Symposium, Online; Sep 16–17, 2020

Nodai Research Institute

2021-1 Biological Control Group Seminar, Online; Jun 15, 2021

2021-2 Biological Control Group Seminar, Online, Nov 9, 2021

2021-3 Biological Control Group Seminar, Online, Feb 15, 2022

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In this issue:

From the President
75th Anniversary Symposium and Conference
Photo Competition
NZPPS Medal

2021 Scholarship Winners 
 Members in the News
 Related Events
NZPPS Books
NZPPS Corporate Members
Contacts


We look forward to your feedback.From the President
         The next conference, at the Christchurch Town Hall, in August 2022, will be a celebration of 75 years of the Plant Protection Society. Several ideas to mark the 75th anniversary are in progress, some of which are reported in this newsletter. To begin with, a special 75th anniversary logo was designed for this year, which is depicted in this newsletter and on the website. Those of you with keen eyes may notice some slight modifications to the logo. Since we engaged a professional graphic designer to create the 75th logo and a new banner, it was a good opportunity to make some improvements to the existing logo. The revised logo is higher resolution, and the arrows embracing the plant have been tightened and made more fluid. The colour version uses a two-tone approach, with light and dark green, giving a more unique and modern look.

Importantly, the logo remains the same, as it still captures the essential purpose of the Society ‘to pool and exchange information’ related to plant protection. Given the anniversary occasion, it is timely to reflect on the history and meaning of Society’s logos, past and present. In the formative years of the Society, as a weed-control conference, there was no logo but, from 1962 until 1983, the cover of the published proceedings featured an illustration of a weed or pest. In 1984, the Society developed its first logo, which was the depiction of a weed (possibly a buttercup species) and a pest (a scarab grub), contained within a hexagon. The weed was in the light (aboveground) section, and the scarab in the dark (belowground) section. At a glance, it is a literal depiction of the focus of the Society at the time, weeds and pests.However, the logo possibly had greater significance, reflecting a shift in thinking at the time, away from pesticides as the panacea, towards integrated pest management. Hexagons are ubiquitous in nature and used to symbolise harmony. And the perfectly balanced dark and light halves of the harmonious hexagon conjure a yin and yang interconnectedness.

As the scope of the society further evolved, encompassing plant protection research and extension activities in the broadest sense, a new logo was needed. In 1996, the Society adopted its current logo, which was described by the President at the time, Richard Falloon, in his Presidential Address at the 49th conference. The arrows indicate interactions and information exchange that occurs through the interdisciplinary approach to plant protection. The protective circle conveys plant health resulting from plant-protection activities, and sustained plant health is depicted as the plant grows through the circle.

I do not know who designed either of the logos, and I have possibly over interpreted the first logo. If any members know more about the logos or their designers, please get in touch. In the coming months, the Executive will be reaching out to previous Presidents and others who have had an enduring impact on the Society to invite them to share their reminiscences, learn about past success stories, and receive advice for the future. Mark your calendars, submit your abstracts, and stay tuned for more news about this year’s symposium and conference.
Mike CrippsThe NZPPS Executive are delighted to advise that theNZPPS 75th Anniversary Symposium and Conferenceare proceeding as in-person events at the
Christchurch Town Hall.
Dame Juliet Gerrard will give the  conference opening address on Tuesday 9 August.Symposium: 8 August 2022  
Plant pathogens that keep us awake: past, present and future threats to native species.
https://nzpps.org/events/nzpps-symposium-2022/A day of invited presentations focussed on microbial threats to our native taonga plants. Leading scientists, kaitiaki, international experts and representatives from government agencies will bring attendees up to date with progress on myrtle rust, kauri dieback, Pacific biosecurity, Ceratocystis, Xylella and more. The day will conclude with a networking and poster session. Those interested in submitting a poster for the symposium should submit an abstract (maximum 250 words) to Renee Johansen (JohansenR@landcareresearch.co.nz) by 31 May 2022. Conference: 9-11 August 2022
Celebrating 75 years of the New Zealand Plant Protection Society
https://nzpps.org/events/nzpps-conference-2022/
Three full days of presentations including special sessions, conference dinner with 75th anniversary cake for dessert and a slideshow of competition photos

The first session on Tues 9 August has been reserved for participants who wish to present a talk on the symposium topic. Abstract submission for the 2022 conference is openDeadline is 30 April 2022.NZPPS 75th Anniversary
Photo Competition
 Get clicking and enter your pictures here for the 75th anniversary photo competition. The photo within each category with the most member votes wins. Categories: Plant protection in action Plant pests Plant diseases  Plant weeds The growing crop Plant protection science People in plant protection Winners and their photos will be showcased on the NZPPS website, at the conference and in the newsletter. Closing date: 30 June 2022. NZPPS Plant Protection MedalThis medal has been instituted by the New Zealand Plant Protection Society to honour those who have made exceptional contributions to plant protection in the widest sense. The medal will be awarded based on outstanding services to plant protection, whether through research, education, implementation or leadership.Details of the nomination process are available here.

Deadline 1 July 2022.2021 NZPPS Research ScholarshipAshleigh Mosen is an MSc student at Massey University.Development of a novel disease control strategy to protect Pinus radiata from Dothistroma needle blight.
The hemibiotrophic fungus Dothistroma septosporum is a foliar pathogen of Pinus radiata that causes a disease known as Dothistroma needle blight (DNB). This forest tree disease is destructive to pines, resulting in dieback of needles, premature defoliation and in severe cases tree death. Necrotic lesions, which are seen on infected needles become a brick-red colour, characteristic of the fungus producing a toxic virulence factor called dothistromin. DNB is an economically important disease impacting upon New Zealand’s forest industries, costing the NZ economy ~$20 million per year. Current control measures include copper fungicide spraying, silvicultural methods such as pruning and thinning, and breeding pine trees for increased resistance to pathogen attack. A radical new approach, spray-induced gene silencing using RNA technology, has great potential to control DNB.

 My project explores the potential for applications of this technology by using RNA molecules, that specifically target and silence pathogen genes, to effectively lower the virulence of the pathogen. The candidate genes DsAflR (dothistromin pathway regulatory protein) and eGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein) were pursued as targets for RNA silencing trials. As a result, dothistromin production and virulence of the pathogen is expected to be reduced, and decreased DNB symptoms on pine. Confocal microscopy analyses have been performed demonstrating dsRNA uptake into fungal cells. In vitro and in planta silencing trials suggest no clear evidence whether there is knockdown of AflR and eGFP. However quantitative real time PCR analyses are in progress to determine if there is a reduction in transcript levels. Disease symptoms have been monitored on infected pine needles and are showing reduced lesions, as a result of spraying with dsRNA targeting AflR. In combination, biomass assays will verify if there is a reduction in fungal biomass and hence suppressed virulence. The effects of timing and concentration of the dsRNAs have been established to achieve maximum silencing.

By the end of my project I hope to determine if treatment with the dsRNA has had any effects in terms of suppression of the target genes and create a framework to optimise silencing in this forest pathogen for future studies. This could be an effective solution to augment current control measures and could be applicable to agricultural and horticultural disease control. My project is of great importance to NZ, its forest industries, and other plant-based industries. This will be the first study of its kind in NZ, which will be a blueprint for controlling other forest, agricultural and horticultural pathogens.Dan Watkins Scholarship in
Weed Science


Robert Gibson II is a PhD student at Lincoln University.

Establishment risk of wilding Pinus radiata and its hybrid in New Zealand high country.

Non-native conifers have been well integrated throughout New Zealand’s landscape for amenity and shelter, erosion control, and commercial forestry purposes. Unwanted individuals that self-perpetuate from these cultivations are categorised as wildings. Wildings are the largest weeds in New Zealand and one of the biggest weed problems, posing a significant threat to the biodiversity and functioning of native ecosystems, particularly on the South Island. The conifer species most tightly interwoven throughout New Zealand’s landscape, industry, and culture is Pinus radiata. As a result, P. radiata propagules are genetically bred and widely distributed across both main islands with sufficient mutualists; all factors that can increase the risk of wilding. From a commercial forestry and afforestation perspective, previous research suggests Pradiata has a limit of establishment around 700 m due to cold-intolerance (i.e. reduced germination, growth, and cone production). As a result, a natural hybrid between Pradiata and Pattenuata is being assessed as commercial forestry and afforestation programmes shift to higher elevations. The aim of this research is to assess the potential threat of wilding establishment of both taxa in high country native grasslands and shrublands. This will be achieved through evaluating the potential biotic and abiotic barriers associated with these ecosystems on the fate of seeds and seedlings along an elevation gradient from the putative limit of establishment (< 700 m) to the high country (900 m and 1100 m). Across six sites and three microhabitats, this study is investigating: 1) seed viability, seed loss to predation and the potential for deposition into the soil seed bank; 2) emergence and seedling establishment; and 3) the response of 12-month-old seedlings to herbivory, and the interaction between herbivory and climate. This study isolates each seed and seedling stage with a different experiment to disentangle the influence of different barriers and how the magnitude of those barriers may fluctuate across multiple life stages to gain insight into the big picture of what may induce establishment failure of these two taxa. Lastly, this research will determine whether the information around the elevation limitation of P. radiata establishment from commercial plantations holds under natural conditions, and whether any of those barriers may be surpassed by the inclusion of the hybrid into high country ecosystems.Members in the News2018 NZPPS Medal winner Barbara Barratt has been made a Fellow of the Royal Society Te Apārangi for pioneering internationally relevant research into the biosafety of introduced biocontrol agents for insect pests and for leading a major theme in a multi-agency research collaboration focused on border biosecurity risk assessment.  Read more here.NZPPS editor Ruth Falshaw is the latest person to be profiled in the  “Women in Horticulture” series published in the NZGrower magazine. The publisher Horticulture NZ and author Elaine Fisher have given permission for the article to be reproduced and it can be viewed hereRelated EventsCanterbury University is running a webinar entitled: Mahi Tahi: work together to build biosecurity capability on 13 April 2022. Find out more at: https://www.canterbury.ac.nz/biosecurity-innovations/news-and-events/mahi-tahi-.html12th International Symposium on Adjuvants for Agrochemicals Bordeaux 24 – 29 April 2022.  https://www.isaa2022.org/general-information/The Weed Management Society of South Australia (WMSSA), on behalf of The Council of Australasian Weed Societies (CAWS), will be hosting the 22nd Australasian Weeds Conference (22AWC) at Adelaide Oval from 25-29 September 2022. https://eventstudio.eventsair.com/22AWCThe 8th International Weed Science Congress: “Weed Science in a Climate of Change” will be held in Bangkok from 4 – 9 December 2022.https://www.iwsc2020.com/Books

For sale
There is a 10% discount for NZPPS members on NZPPS titles purchased from Nationwide Book Distributors:

351 Kirikiri Road, Oxford 7495
Phone:
 0800 990 123
Email: books@nationwidebooks.co.nz
Web: http://www.nationwidebooks.co.nzBest sellers include:
Farewell Silent Spring – the New Zealand Apple Story
An Illustrated Guide to Common Weeds of New Zealand (Third Edition)
An Illustrated Guide to Weed Seeds of New Zealand
An Illustrated Guide to Common Grasses, Sedges and Rushes of New Zealand
A Guide to the Identification of New Zealand Weeds in Colour
Free to NZPPS members:Hard copies of:

Future Challenges in Crop Protection 
Surveillance for Biosecurity2010 Microbial Products 
Paddock to PCR
The Plant Protection Data Toolbox 
Utilising Plant Defences for Pest Control 


Contact the Secretary at secretary@nzpps.org if you would like one.NZPPS Corporate MembersAgResearch Ltd
Adama New Zealand Ltd
Arxada New Zealand Ltd
BASF New Zealand Ltd
Bayer New Zealand Ltd
Corteva Agriscience
Environmental Protection Authority
Foundation for Arable Research
Horticulture New Zealand
Ministry for Primary Industries
New Zealand Apples & Pears Inc.
New Zealand Avocado
New Zealand Winegrowers
Nufarm NZ Limited
Peak Research Limited
Scion
Staphyt Research Ltd
Syngenta Crop Protection Ltd
The New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research Ltd
UPL New Zealand Ltd
Zespri International Ltd
ContactsPresident                             
Dr Mike Cripps
AgResearch
Christchurch
Ph: (03) 325 9936
mike.cripps@agresearch.co.nz
 
Vice President
Dr Hayley Ridgway
Plant & Food Research
Christchurch
Ph: (03) 325 9450
Hayley.Ridgway@plantandfood.co.nz

Immediate Past President
Dr Eirian Jones
Lincoln University
Christchurch
Ph: (03) 423 0746
Eirian.jones@lincoln.ac.nz
 
Secretary
Jenny Taylor
PO Box 21839
Henderson 0650
Ph: (09) 8128506
Mob: (027) 477 9821
secretary@nzpps.org
 
Treasurer
Dr Jason Smith
Horteye Ltd
Nelson
Mob: (027) 249 9370
jason@horteye.co.nz
 Journal Editor/
Communications Manager

Dr Ruth Falshaw
Mahana Editing Services
Rotorua
Mob: (027) 380 9839
nzppeditor@outlook.com
 
Website Editor
Mike Barley
mike@hortplus.comCommittee Members
Rebecca Campbell, Plant & Food Research, Motueka

Joy Tyson, Plant & Food Research, Auckland

Stephen McKennie, Arxada NZ Ltd, Auckland

Laura Tomiczek, Ministry for Primary Industries, Auckland

Rebecca Fisher, Horticulture New Zealand, Wellington

Dr Soonie Chng, Plant & Food Research, LincolnCopyright © 2022 New Zealand Plant Protection Society Inc.All rights reserved.

Our mailing address is:
secretary@nzpps.org

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Fall Armyworm Control in Action March 2022 – Issue #8
Newsletter

Highlights
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reported fall armyworm (FAW) infestations in fields in Najran Governorate, with in Al-Kora Governorate of Al-Baha Province illustrating continuous spread of FAW in NENA region. The Ministry of Environment, Water, and Agriculture announced the insect pest was detected on maize plants. In response, authorities have implemented phytosanitary measures, destroyed infested maize crops, installed traps around infested sites, and is managing FAW populations in neighbouring crops.
In Zambia, FAW has reportedly reached concerning population levels in ten provinces and in 96 out of 116 districts, illustrating the need for continuous capacity development in FAW management. FAO,
under the aegis of the Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control (GA), will support the government of the Republic of Zambia in improving capacities for FAW management among farmers and extension workers. FAW has reportedly affected 129 517 households and 96 222 hectares of maize fields.
Based on lessons learned during the work conducted by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) technical working group on FAW quarantine and phytosanitary measures, a new work programme on banana Fusarium wilt (TR4) is under way. The IPPC Secretariat is holding a virtual workshop series on Fusarium TR4
diagnostic, surveillance, inspection and simulation exercises. The first of three sessions is scheduled for 24 March 2022, followed by sessions on 19 April 2022 and 10 May 2022. The three sessions
will be held in English, and two of the sessions will have simultaneous interpretation in French and Spanish through an in-kind contribution from the Comité de liaison Europe ACP (COLEACP).
The Cameroon workshop discussed the use of biological control, botanicals, and farmer trainings. It was opened by the Secretary General of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Mbong Epse Bambot Grace Annih.
©FAO

Implementation
FAW was named as top national priority for key pest control in the People’s Republic of China for 2022 in February as the National Agricultural Technology Extension and Service Center (NATESC) renewed the annual strategy for FAW control. This followed a national expert working group meeting organized by NATESC to analyse FAW data and control measures that had been implemented in 2021. The working group also presented conclusions to facilitate the delivery of early warning messages with regard to FAW at the national level.
Resource mobilization training was conducted on 28 February 2022 for 30 people including national focal points and FAO focal points in country offices. A general overview of the resource mobilization situation with regard to the Global Action was provided during the session. The training was based on the new GA resource
mobilization guide and was also interpreted in the French language.
In the Republic of Cameroon, a three-day training workshop began on 28 February 2022 to enhance capacity of national focal points from central Africa countries in FAW monitoring, early warning and sustainable management of the pest. The workshop also aimed to strengthen coordination between GA demonstration
and pilot countries through theory as well as farm-level practical sessions. The 25 participants, including including leaders of farmer organizations, extension officers, researchers and FAO facilitators,
were asked to validate the strategy document at the central Africa geo-zone level. The workshop included participants from the Republic of Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of Equatorial Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe.
The Republic of the Philippines Bureau of Plant Industry hosted seven geo-zone webinar training events in January and February 2022 covering multiple topics, including monitoring and early warning, host plant resistance, biological control, biopesticide and pesticide application.

Contact information:
Plant Production and Protection – Natural Resources and Sustainable Production
Email: Fall-Armyworm@fao.org
http://www.fao.org/fall-armyworm/global-action/en/
https://www.ippc.int/en/the-global-action-for-fall-armyworm-control/
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, Italy
Some rights reserved.
This work is available under a
CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO licence
Communications and Partnerships
A GA resource mobilization guide has been finalized and will be
available for public download. These guidelines provide a framework for mobilizing essential resources to support the work of the
GA and the FAW Secretariat.1
New Technical Cooperation Programmes have been initiated,
including a USD 500 000 emergency response to strengthen the
management and preparedness capacities of five North African
countries – the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, the State of
Libya, the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, the Kingdom of Morocco,
and the Republic of Tunisia – to mitigate the impact and risk of FAW.
New Developments
By comparing genetic characteristics of FAW populations collected
from 22 sub-Saharan countries between 2016 and 2019, Nagoshi
et al. (2022) inferred that the strain preferring maize as the host
plant predominated the FAW populations in Africa. Additionally,
a broad grouping of genetic characteristics of FAW collected in
East and West Africa seem to indicate limited natural migrations
of FAW at a continental scale. The authors suggested that smallerscale movement through trade probably contributed to the initial
spread of the pest across Africa. Nagoshi, R.N., Goergen, G., Koffi, D.
et al. Genetic studies of FAW indicate a new introduction into
Africa and identify limits to its migratory behavior. 2022. Sci Rep
12, 1941.2
A study led by icipe and NIBIO showed that FAW density levels
could be predicted using host availability as well as climatic data.
The study utilized FAMEWS data, among others, to validate the
predictions. The authors suggested that further detailed data on
the natural enemies of FAW, their occurrence and efficiency in
regulating FAW populations, will further strengthen the predictive
mode. Harnessing data science to improve integrated management
of invasive pest species across Africa: An application to Fall
armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera:
Noctuidae) – ScienceDirect.
3
CB9220EN/1/03.22
©FAO, 2022
1 https://www.fao.org/3/cb8910en/cb8910en.pdf
2 https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-05781-z
3 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2351989422000580?via%3Dihub
Field stories
In Burkina Faso, field work by two university partners of the
GA – Université Nazi Boni (UNB) and Université Joseph Ki Zerbo
(UJKZ) – has included trials to evaluate a number of potential
FAW control measures including: production of Telenomus remus
parasitoid; selection of maize varieties for FAW tolerance; the
efficacy of several types of FAW traps; efficacy of local strains of
entomopathogens; biological control potential of local arthropod
natural enemies; and effectiveness of combining other crops with
maize (herbs, pigeon peas and other species) on FAW.
In the Republic of Cameroon, a field visit was organized following
the training workshop that began on 28 February 2022. The field
visit included the area around Ntui in central Cameroon, and around
Foumbot in the western region, with the goal of identifying sites
for large-scale demonstrations of integrated pest management
(IPM) technology. Foumbot holds particular significance because
it is also the first site where FAW was reported in Cameroon.
©FAO
During the field visit, members of a young farmers cooperative, local leaders and
extension agents were consulted to discuss collaborations for successful
implementation of the GA in the Republic of Cameroon as the demonstratio

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Biological Control Taking Next Steps for Specialty Crop Growers

Richard JonesBy Richard Jones|March 7, 2022

  • START SLIDESHOW
  • 1 of 9BiocontrolsUSA kicked off with a Pre-Conference Field Tour. The first stop was Laguna Mist Ranches, where Gina Colfer shows the group an organic artichoke field. Laguna Mist PCA Bobby Bellew talked about pest problems in artichokes, such as diamondback moth.NEXT SLIDE
  • 2 of 9Tour goers watch a drone take off at the Wilbur-Ellis Research Farm.NEXT SLIDE
  • 3 of 9Pam Marrone, Founder/Director, Marrone Bio Innovations and Chestnut Bio Advisors, delivers the keynote speech, stating that projections call for biological products to be used as much as synthetics in 20 years. In other words, the growth will be explosive.NEXT SLIDE
  • 4 of 9
  • “Bang boards” are a great way to scout for spider mites in the greenhouse, says Suzanne Wainwright-Evans. Hold a white balance photography card under the plant and “bang” the top of the plants. If present, mites will be easy to see when they fall in the white card.NEXT SLIDE
  • 5 of 9Agro-K’s Jeff Glass: “I look at sap analysis as being like the invention of the microscope. You can see what’s happening in the plant so much more clearly.”NEXT SLIDE
  • 6 of 9Brian Spencer, Applied Bio-nomics Ltd.: Anystis baccarum is a new predator developed in Canada at the Vineland Research and Innovation Centre for greenhouse vegetable and ornamental IPM programs, the first new predator biocontrol introduced in the last 10 years.NEXT SLIDE
  • 7 of 9University of California Extension Professor Kent Daane details an incredibly complex international effort to bring an effective parisitoid of Spotted Wing Drosophila.NEXT SLIDE
  • 8 of 9
  • According to the University of California-Davis’s Trevor Suslow, growers should take care to avoid salmonella by only sourcing water from tested sources. Once salmonella gets into the water tanks and lines, it’s really difficult and time-consuming to eliminate.NEXT SLIDE
  • 9 of 9
  • UCCE Monterey Farm Advisor Richard Smith concludes the BiocontrolsUSA conference program with a look at the next big things in biologicals, technology, and automation.NEXT SLIDE

While it has been two years since the last Biocontrols USA event due to the pandemic, developments in biologicals and related specialty crop technologies have continued, making this year’s conference an especially fertile environment for education and networking.

Sustainability and technology were a uniting thread that ran through both the Conference program and the Expo, where nearly 30 suppliers shared updates on innovative new products. For growers and crop consultants, the benefits of softer, more targeted materials for their crop protection and plant and soil health programs are much more widely accepted in 2022. And that trend perfectly aligns with a growing focus from consumers who are making their expectations for sustainably produced food, flowers, and other products clear. Biologicals are an obvious fit serving both growers and their customers with those goals in mind.

The conference was headlined by an engaging keynote from biologicals industry veteran Dr. Pam Marrone, founder and former CEO of Marrone Bio Innovations and current Director of Chestnut Bio Advisors. Marrone, who now works with agtech and agbio startups, detailed many of the advances that have taken place in the biologicals space in recent years. She asserted that developments there should be viewed in coordination with many of the developments happening in other areas of agriculture. The next big steps, she said, will come when we start tying all the pieces together.

“Stop expecting a silver bullet. We need systems integrators who can help create holistic systems with cultural tools, crop varieties, soil health practices, biologicals, and precision farm data,” she said.

Biologicals are definitely the direction of the future: Marrone predicted that within 20 years, sales of biological products will equal those of more traditional synthetics.

Breakout tracks provided a deeper dive for grower attendees focused on fruit, vegetable, greenhouse, and cannabis production. Sessions included presentations on proper tank-mixing procedures when using biologicals, the discovery of a new predatory mite for pests in greenhouse crops, and a new parasitoid for the fight against Spotted Wing Drosophila. There was also a fascinating discussion on the unfortunate rise of internet sales of non-registered and non-regulated bio products in the cannabis market. Plant and soil health were a focus as well, with presentations on biostimulants in greenhouse production and biochar in wine grape vineyards.

Attendees also learned about developments in plant nutrient diagnostics using a new technique. Sap analysis provides a current look at nutrient levels in the plant, providing time for growers to react before deficiencies arise, said Agro-K Southern Business Development Manager Jeff Glass. This technique also offers growers information more quickly than the traditional industry testing standard using tissue analysis, which provides more of a cumulative look at what has been happening in the plant, Glass said.

Trevor Suslow, University of California-Davis Professor of Cooperative Research and Extension, Emeritus, shared a message about biostimulants and biofertilizers that can often fly under the radar: food safety considerations. While biologicals are considered to be very safe products for food production, without the proper focus on clean water sources and sanitation practices in irrigation and application equipment, growers using these products may unwittingly create conditions that can lead to the development and spread of human pathogens in a crop. Growers should only source water from tested sources, he says, “because once something like Salmonella gets into water tanks and lines, it’s really difficult and time-consuming to eliminate.”

The day before the Conference, two busloads of growers took part in a field tour of Salinas Valley agriculture, visiting vegetable, vineyard, and greenhouse operations and other facilities to see first-hand how growers in the region are putting biologicals and sustainable practices to work. The tour, sponsored by UPL, visited some of the most innovative operations in the region, including Laguna Mist Ranch, Growers Transplanting, Taylor Farms, Double L Vineyard, and a Wilbur Ellis research facility, before finishing the day with a relaxing stop at Morgan Winery.

Cannabis growers also had an additional learning opportunity with a deep dive into a number of key insect pests plaguing their production with a three-hour workshop session led by Suzanne Wainwright-Evans, Owner of Buglady Consulting. Growers of this still-relatively new crop have limited control options for many of the pest problems they face. They also have to work around a lack of established research, which often leads to a proliferation of misinformation that makes producing a consistently high-quality, profitable crop a challenge. Wainwright-Evans shared high-quality photos and video to help attendees identify specific pests and offered potential solutions and real-world management tips she has seen with her clients. The workshop was sponsored by Beneficial Insectary.

Watch for announcements coming soon on details for the Biocontrols USA 2023 Conference and Expo, and other educational opportunities on biological solutions from Meister Media and its brands.

Scroll through the photo gallery above for some of the sights seen during the Biocontrols USA 2022 Conference and Expo.

Richard Jones is Corporate Content Director for Meister Media Worldwide. For more than two decades he served as an editor for brands in Meister’s U.S. Horticulture Group, including  American Vegetable Grower®American Fruit Grower®Western Fruit Grower®Florida Grower®, and Greenhouse Grower® magazines. See all author stories here.

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Fusarium laboratory workshop

June 19-24, 2022

Kansas State University

Manhattan, KS, USA

Workshop contact information

Email: fusariumworkshop@ksu.edu

Web: plantpath.ksu.edu/fusarium

Phone: +1 (785) 532-1363

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ICPP2023: Call for Concurrent Sessions and Call for Satellite Events The 12th International Congress on Plant Pathology (ICPP2023) will take place from 20-25 August 2023 in Lyon, France. This will be the opportunity to bring together researchers from our community around the latest issues of Plant Health. Time is close to meet again in person and to find the way back to international congresses! 
You have until March 20, 2022 to submit your Concurrent Session or Satellite Event. minuteur   SUBMIT 

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XX IPPC Athens 2024I

IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT

Dear Colleagues,

Due to our serious concern, over the current and possible future negative impact of the global coronavirus epidemic covid19 on the participation of the scientific community in international scientific conferences and the certain fears (IAPPS and Hellenic Society of Phytiatry) for limited scientific attendance of the XX IPPCATHENS2023 congress in July 2023, after a thorough discussion between the organizers and the leadership of IAPPS it was decided to shift the congress to 2024.

This is to announce to the International Scientific Community of Plant Protection that the XX IPPC Athens congress instead of 10-15 June 2023 will be moved in 1-5 July 2024. 

 The new website is ippcathens2024.gr

Eris Tjamos

Chair of XX IPPC Athens 2024

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IAPPS Region X Northeast Asia Regional Center (NEARC)

Present committee members

Dr. Izuru Yamamoto, Senior Advisor

Dr. Noriharu Umetsu, Senior Advisor

Dr. Tsutomu Arie, a representative of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, the chair of Region X

Dr. Tarô Adati, a representative of Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology

Dr. Hiromitsu Moriyama, a representative of Pesticide Science Society of Japan, the secretary general of Region X

Dr. Rie Miyaura, a representative of The Weed Science Society of Japan

The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Pesticide Science Society of Japan became official partners of IYPH2020 by FAO of UN and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) of Japan and endeavored to educate the society on plant protection. https://www.maff.go.jp/j/syouan/syokubo/keneki/iyph/iyph_os.html

Annual activities related to IAPPS especially to IPM of plant diseases, insects and weeds, and plant regulation (from April 2020 to March 2021)

The Phytopathological Society of Japan (PSJ)

2020 Kanto District Meeting, Online; Sep 21–22, 2020

2020 Kansai District Meeting, Online; Sep 21–22, 2020

2020 Tohoku District Meeting, Online; Oct 12–14, 2020

2020 Hokkaido District Meeting, Online; Oct 15, 2020

2020 Kyushu District Meeting, Online; Nov 24–26, 2020

2021 Annual Meeting, Online; Mar 17–19, 2021

Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology (JSAEZ)

65th Annual Meeting, online, March 23-26, 2021

28th Annual Research Meeting of the Japan-ICIPE Association, online, March 25, 2021

Pesticide Science Society of Japan

37rd Study Group Meeting of Special Committee on Bioactivity of Pesticides, online, Sep 18, 2020

40th Symposium of Special Committee on Agricultural Formulation and Application, Yokohama, Kanagawa; Oct 15–16, 2020 (Cancelled due to the spread of COVID-19)

43th Annual Meeting of Special Committee on Pesticide Residue Analysis, online, Nov. 5–6, 2020

46th Annual meeting, Fuchu, Tokyo and Online, March 8–10, 2021

The Weed Science Society of Japan (WSSJ)

2020 Annual Meeting, The Weed Science Society of Kinki, Online; Dec 5, 2020

35th Symposium of Weed Science Society of Japan, Online; Dec 12, 2020

2020 Annual Meeting, Kanto Weed Science Society, Online; Dec 22, 2020

22th Annual Meeting, The Weed Science Society of Tohoku, Japan, Online; Feb 25, 2021

2020 Study Group Meeting of Weed Utilization and Management in Small Scale Farming, Online; Feb 26, 2021

Hono-Kai (means, Meeting who are appreciating agriculture)

35th Hono-Kai Symposium was cancelled due to the epidemic of COVID-19

Japan Biostimulants Association

rd Symposium, Online; Nov 2–30, 2020

Nodai Research Institute

2020-1 Biological Control Group Seminar, Setagaya; Tokyo; Jun 16, 2020 (Cancelled due to the epidemic of COVID-19)

2020-2 Biological Control Group Seminar, online, Nov 13, 2020

2021-1 Biological Control Group Seminar, online, Jun 15, 2021

2021-2 Biological Control Group Seminar, online, Nov 9, 2021

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We are pleased to announce that the 7th Asian PGPR International Conference for Sustainable Agriculture 2022 will be held from 23rd to 26th August 2022 at Universiti Putra Malaysia. The Malaysian PGPR Society and Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia will co-organize the event on behalf of the Asian PGPR Society for Sustainable Agriculture.

This year’s theme for the conference is “Regenerating Agriculture Through Beneficial Microbes for Improvement of Crop Productivity and Safety”. The conference agenda will cover the most recent scientific discoveries that decipher the role of beneficial microbes in plant development, disease suppression and increase yield by direct or indirect mechanisms. Plant-microbe interactions in the rhizosphere are pivotal in carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling and ecosystem functioning and undoubtedly will be continually the main focus in the coming decades.

The conference will showcase various recent topics in plant-microbe interactions by distinguished keynotes, plenary speakers, as well as selected oral speakers and poster presentations by participants. The conference promises an attractive scientific program, with opportunities for networking and collaboration in addition to acquisition of the fusion of knowledge, technologies, ideas, and innovation.

Scope 
PGPR in crop production and disease management to feed the growing population.
Soil microbiome and nano-based plant biostimulants.
Plant-microbe interactions and mode of action.
PGPR and mitigation of climate change effects.
Commercialization of PGPR as bio-pesticides, bio-fertilizers and bio-stimulants for safe and healthy food.
Regulatory constraints and global harmonization.
Role of MOUs, global funding opportunities and education, training and interactions among stakeholders.

Important dates 

Early registration: On / Before 30th April 2022

Late registration: After 30th April 2022
Abstract deadline: 30th June 2022
Full Paper deadline: 31st July 2022

Registration and rates
Information regarding registration and rates can be obtained online at: www.pgpr.org.my/ or online registration at tinyurl.com/f8x5ec9b.
Further inquiries can be directed to the Secretariat: 7thpgpr@gmail.com

Submission of abstracts at 7thpgprabstract@gmail.com

Professor Dr. Mui-Yun Wong (NCSU)

Local Organizing Chairperson

Deputy Director

Institute of Plantation Studies

Universiti Putra Malaysia

Tel: +603-9769 4261

Fax: +603-9769 4166

Email: muiyun@upm.edu.my 

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INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE, ECOSYSTEMS AND HUMAN HEALTH (ICCC 2022)

Organized by V Sivaram Research Foundation (VSRF), in collaboration with Swinburne University of Technology and Universiti Teknologi Mara, Sarawak, and in partnership with IAPPS, the International Congress on Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture, Ecosystems and Human Health (ICCC 2021) is being organized to create an open space networking and platform in order to exchange of information and knowledge on novel innovations and their application in different domains in agriculture, Environment, Ecosystems and Health related issues. The event will take place Nov 16-18, 2022, at Miri City, Sarawak, Malaysia. During three days, oral and poster presentations, discussions, and side events will inspire new ideas and innovations that will support for international collaborations and networking on the core issues of Global Environmental Problems. We do hope that this international event will provide opportunities for developing close collaborations, and strategic alliances in scientific research in the field of sustainable agriculture, climate change, Ecosystem management, green technologies and health related issues. For details, registration and abstract submission: www.climateconf2021.com

Prof V. Sivaram

ICCC 2021 Secretariat

Email: info@sivaramfoundation.org

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Athens IPPC XX Kickoff

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