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Controlling herbicide resistance takes persuading

TAGS: WEEDSRESISTANCE MANAGEMENTBrad Hairebrad-haire-farm-press-pigweed-smallish-cotton-GA.jpgCharlie Cahoon urges farmers to be on the lookout for Palmer amaranth surviving 2,4-D or dicamba. Integrated pest management is key for tackling herbicide resistance.

John Hart | Jan 04, 2021

The answers to managing herbicide resistance are fairly simple, the hard part comes in persuading farmers to implement the practices that do the most good.

Charlie Cahoon, North Carolina State University Extension weed specialist, says integrated pest management is key. Farmers need to rotate herbicide chemistries and turn to cultural and mechanical methods to alleviate some of the pressure on over-used herbicides.

“As Extension specialists, we’ve been using fire and brimstone. We think one of the tactics that drives folks to change practices on their farm is to scare them to death,” Cahoon said in a presentation at the virtual North Carolina Crop Protection School Dec. 2.

“My daddy has trained bird dogs his whole life. He used to think the way to train a dog was to use discipline. My three-year old daughter just taught him it is quite easy to train a dog with a handful of treats. There are studies to back this up, rewarding good behavior. I think that’s what we are having to learn right now with pesticide resistance: How do we get our growers to put into practice the tactics we’ve been preaching for years,” Cahoon said.

One option, Cahoon says, is providing farmers an economic incentive to implement integrated pest management practices. But where will the incentive come from?

Companies do have inventive programs, but Cahoon believes the incentive programs must cross company lines to encourage farmers to rotate modes of action and implement cultural practices to better control weeds.

Moreover, incentives must be in place for farmers to use cover crops, better crop rotation and other tools such as harvest weed seed control. “It really needs to be a whole industry initiative where we all get on the same page and say, ‘hey let’s reward some of these good behaviors and try to get ahead of this pesticide resistance issue,” Cahoon said.

Herbicide resistance is a problem that’s not going away.

In North Carolina, Cahoon says there is widespread Palmer amaranth resistance to glyphosate and ALS inhibitors, plus expected resistance to PPO inhibitors. There is common ragweed resistance to glyphosate and ALS inhibitors, primarily in the eastern part of the state. And there is widespread Italian ryegrass resistance to ALS inhibitors, mostly in the southern Piedmont.

Looking to the future, Cahoon said he won’t be surprised if North Carolina farmers begin to see resistance to group 15 herbicides, such a Dual, Warrant, Harness and Zidua.

“We use them repeatedly in most of our crops —  corn, soybeans, cotton, peanuts, and sweet potatoes. We are putting quite a bit of pressure on the group 15s, and there is already group 15 Palmer amaranth resistance in Arkansas and also a cousin to Palmer amaranth, waterhemp, is resistant to the group 15s in Illinois,” Cahoon said.

And as the use of dicamba and 2,4-D continues to grow, resistance to these chemistries can be expected as well. “There is evidence we are abusing dicamba and 2,4-D like we did glyphosate. That is unacceptable,” Cahoon said.RELATED Pigweed continues to outflank herbicidesNovember 11, 2020More resistant weeds popping up in North CarolinaMarch 5, 2020Building respect and value for soybeansNovember 24, 2020

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endure

Welcome to the 32nd edition of ENDURE News, the electronic newsletter from ENDURE. Please feel free to share this newsletter with colleagues.

  • IPM works and IPMWORKS will show how!
    A European-wide network of farms is being constructed in order to “demonstrate and promote cost-effective strategies on Integrated Pest Management (IPM)”. Called IPMWORKS, the four-year Horizon 2020 project was launched in October and brings together 31 partners from 16 countries. The project will be developing an online IPM resource toolbox for farmers, advisers and researchers to easily search, share and discuss IPM reources and you can help out by completing a short survey.

  • Survey: Agroecology initiatives in Europe
    Agroecology Europe has produced its first report mapping a large number of agroecological initiatives across Europe, allowing it to identify key findings and recommendations for fostering agroecology around the continent.
  • DiverIMPACTS: Be inspired by success stories
    DiverIMPACTS, the project striving “to achieve the full diversification potential of cropping systems for improved productivity, delivery of ecosystem services and resource-efficient and sustainable value chains”, has published a series of success stories to inspire further diversification.
  • IHAR joins forces for late blight study
    Poland’s Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute (IHAR) has joined forces with the Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research to broaden knowledge “on plant diseases and the factors influencing resistance or susceptibility to pathogens”. In particular, they will be focusing on potato and the economically important disease which affects crops worldwide, potato late blight (pictured right).
  • Magazine gives insights into Agroscope research
    Agroscope, ENDURE’s Swiss partner, has launched a magazine to better share the topics it is working on. Available in English, French and German, the magazine provides concrete examples of its work, alongside interviews with key researchers and access to further sources of information such as videos and other publications.
  • ReMIX: Updates from the teams
    The next challenge for the ReMIX project (Species mixtures for redesigning European cropping systems) has been unveiled by the team’s coordinators. Writing in the project’s third newsletter, they highlight the importance of winning the support of policy makers in increasing the adoption of intercropping.
  • 5 principles for Scottish plant health
    Scotland has launched five key principles to protect the country’s plant health. Scotland’s Plant Health Centre published the principles to mark the United Kingdom’s Plant Health Week, which is itself part of the United Nations’ International Year of Plant Health.
  • UK launches centre for tomorrow’s food experts
    Rothamsted Research is joining forces with eight other universities and research institutes in the United Kingdom to create a joint PhD training centre focused on “developing the next generation of interdisciplinary food systems experts”.
  • Downy mildew breakthrough
    French researchers believe new control methods for grapevine downy mildew (pictured right) are a realistic prospect after managing to identify the group of genes involved in its sexual reproduction. It is the first time these genes have been identified in oomycetes, reports France’s INRAE.
  • Catch up with Agroecology Europe
    The latest edition of the newsletter from Agroecology Europe is now available. It includes the association’s position on the European Commission’s From Farm to Fork and biodiversity strategies, details of 2021’s 3rd Agroecology Europe forum and news from around the continent, including a feature on an innovative Belgian farmer.
  • Real-life nature-based IPM
    The latest electronic newsletter from Agricology, a community bringing farmers and researchers together to share knowledge in pursuit of “practical sustainable farming regardless of labels”, includes an interesting feature on UK farmer Martin Lines, chair of the Nature Friendly Farming Network.
  • Intercropping event to go virtual
    DECEMBER update: The organisers of next year’s Intercropping for Sustainability conference have opted for a virtual event via Zoom. Organisers had pledged to remain flexible about the format for the event, which was scheduled to be held at the UK’s University of Reading on January 19th and 20th.
  • Mixtures no ‘silver bullet’ to resistance
    Current efforts to stop the spread of resistance through the use of pesticide mixtures might sometimes “be doing as much harm as good”, says ENDURE partner Rothamsted Research.
  • DIVERSify: Watch and learn!
    The DIVERSify project has launched a mini-series “exploring the benefits and challenges of cultivating crop mixtures as an alternative to monoculture”. The series is called Growing Beyond Monoculture and currently consists of three episodes.
  • PPPs in Swiss field crops: Use and aquatic risks
    Researchers at Agroscope, ENDURE’s Swiss partner, have completed a study examining the use and risk of plant protection products (PPPs) in the country’s field crops over a period of 10 years. They conclude that decreasing amounts of PPPs are being used in the country but show that quantity alone does not determine the risk to the environment.
  • Events calendar: Check it out!
    After the difficulties of staging events in 2020, a slew of conferences and meetings have been rescheduled for 2021, and some events, both new and reorganised, are including the possibility of virtual attendance or even introducing back-up plans that will allow organisers to move meetings to online-only events at short notice.
  • IWMPRAISE: Latest newsletter now available
    IWMPRAISE (Integrated Weed Management: PRActical Implementation and Solutions for Europe) has produced its fourth newsletter, bringing readers up to date with the latest news from the Horizon 2020 project. The project is now entering its fourth and penultimate year and 2020 should have seen the finalisation of experiments and a plethora of workshops and open days, activities which were rendered impossible by the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • To find out more about ENDURE, visit: www.endure-network.eu
  • To get in touch with ENDURE, use the contact form
  • Click here to unsubscribe from this newsletter

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Management of Fall Armyworm: The IPM Innovation Lab Approach

https://ipmil.cired.vt.edu/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/IPM-IL-FAW-Management.pdf.

By:

Sara Hendery

Communications Coordinator

Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Integrated Pest Management

Hendery, Sara saraeh91@vt.edu

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This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 9781786393678_Book-1-794x1024.jpg

August 4, 2020

Sara Hendery

Integrated pest management practices bring more than $12 billion to the developing world

This article was originally published by Virginia Tech Daily

The implementation of IPM practices for onions in the Philippines generated $23.5 million in economic benefits for the country, according to recent findings by Virginia Tech and ICIPE researchers.

The implementation of integrated pest management strategies is improving livelihoods and bringing billions of dollars in economic benefits to developing nations.

That’s according to findings of a review published recently by Virginia Tech researchers George Norton, Muni Muniappan, and Jeff Alwang and researcher Menale Kassie from the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology in Kenya. Together they document more than $12 billion in economic benefits as a result of integrated pest management application, which more than pays for all the funds spent globally on IPM.

The research is a compilation of case studies in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean that contest the long-held assumption that IPM does not contribute substantial economic benefits to the developing world. Discovering such high economic returns has important implications for nations searching for a pathway out of poverty and food insecurity.

“The assumption that IPM, or ecological practices more generally, are not suitable for the developing country context stems from a lack of information,” said George Norton, a professor in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. “This study provides information to demonstrate that IPM can generate major economic benefits, especially when targeted at particular pests.”

IPM involves the introduction of a combination of agricultural practices to manage pest and disease problems. It grew out of the desire to minimize the overuse of synthetic pesticides. Many believe IPM is less suitable for developing countries, given their often-limited access to resources. However, at the core of IPM is allowing farmers to select certain crop practices — including pruning, using insect traps to monitor pest spread, biocontrol, the application of bio-pesticides, and more — that are most appropriate for their social, economic, and environmental conditions.

The findings appear in a chapter in “The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects,” edited by David Onstad and Philip Crain. It highlights not only IPM success stories, but also economic analysis more generally as a critical decision-making tool for effective crop management.

Virginia Tech’s Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Integrated Pest Management has implemented sustainable, IPM-based strategies in the developing world for over a quarter of a century. Some of the program’s economic impacts are documented in the chapter’s case studies, including the program’s implementation of biocontrol to manage the papaya mealybug in India in 2014, which brought up to $1.4 billion in economic benefits to the country.

“The implementation of sustainable technologies isn’t just beneficial for the environment,” said Muniappan, director of the IPM Innovation Lab. “Rather than providing just one pathway to producing healthy plants, IPM offers many that farmers can choose from, which is helpful for communities whose access to economic resources is often changing.”

(From left) George Norton, Muni Muniappan, and collaborator Yousuf Mian in Bangladesh.

Other case studies of IPM practices with high economic returns were highlighted in the chapter:

– Biocontrol of the cassava mealybug in sub-Saharan Africa — $9 billion in economic benefits.

– Biocontrol of the maize stemborer in Kenya, Mozambique, and Zambia — $272 million.

– Introduction of virus-resistant groundnuts in Uganda — $62 million.

– IPM for onion in the Philippines — $23.5 million.

– IPM for eggplant and cabbage in Bangladesh — $29 million.

The case studies also document impacts from IPM adoption such as increased yields, reduced poverty and pesticide costs, and environmental benefits. In 2018, for example, a case study in Kenya shows an IPM intercropping technique helped raise at least 75,000 people above the poverty line. In Ecuador, in 2016, IPM practices used for the citrus-flavored fruit naranjilla reduced deforestation costs by an estimated $3.67 million.

“It’s not just about feeding more people,” added Muniappan about the value of the research. “It’s about improving overall livelihoods.”

Norton has collaborated with the IPM Innovation Lab since the program’s inception in 1993. Both Alwang, also a professor in the Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, and Kassie, head of the Social Science and Impact Assessment Unit at ICIPE, have in the past or are currently collaborating with the IPM Innovation Lab.

The IPM Innovation Lab is funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development and housed at the Center for International Research, Education, and Development, part of Outreach and International Affairs.

This article was originally published by Virginia Tech Daily


The Economics of Integrated Pest Management of Insects is available from the CABI Bookshop.

The findings presented in this article are from chapter 8: Economic Impacts of Integrated Pest Management Practices in Developing Countries.IPMIntegrated Pest managementeconomic impacteconomicsinsect pestsAgriculture and International DevelopmentDevelopment communication and extension


CABI News & Blogs


Related News & Blogs

An inter-country workshop and an experience-sharing session on a virtual platform

Community Business Facilitators (CBF) plant doctor Mr Gannesh Rokaya and Mrs Dipa Poudel of Surkhet giving farmers a technical consultation Our experiences in Nepal during the global COVID-19 pandemic have been both positive and negative. On the positi…

29 June 2020

Integrated Pest Management-promoting extension services linked to plant clinics win governmental Agri-Tech Extension Award in Beijing, China6 May 2020

Education on safe pesticide use crucial for farmers in rural Kenya11 December 2019

Farmers helping farmers to solve crop problems in Nepal22 November 2019

Environmentally Friendly Insect Repellent for Agriculture

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An inter-country workshop and an experience-sharing session on a virtual platform

Community Business Facilitators (CBF) plant doctor Mr Gannesh Rokaya and Mrs Dipa Poudel of Surkhet giving farmers a technical consultation

Our experiences in Nepal during the global COVID-19 pandemic have been both positive and negative. On the positive side, this difficult time has made us realize the value of coming together and being connected as a community. But the pandemic has also put people’s lives and livelihoods at risk. In Nepal, COVID-19 is now spreading quickly. There is a strong need to protect the most vulnerable and to mitigate the pandemic’s impacts across the country’s food system.

Amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, iDE Nepal has been working in coordination with all the collaborative partners of the Plantwise programme, as well as with government agencies, to adapt and improve the ways in which integrated pest management (IPM) technology and related information is communicated and delivered to smallholder farmers.

Most recently, iDE Nepal teamed up with CABI Plantwise and government agencies to host a workshop on the validation of plant clinic data contained in the Plantwise Online Management System (POMS). The three-day workshop (29–31 May) was hosted on an online platform (Zoom) and was attended by agriculture technicians from iDE Nepal and agriculture experts from Jammu, India. The facilitation of the workshop was carried out by resource personnel (Senior Plant Protection Officers) from the national Plant Quarantine and Pesticide Management Centre (PQPMC) and the Agriculture Development Directorate, Pokhara. The guest speakers at the workshop were Dr Vinod Pandit (CABI), Dr Corey O’Hara (Country Director, iDE Nepal) and Mr Komal Pradhan (National Programme Director, iDE Nepal).

The major objective of the validation workshop was to train agriculture technicians at iDE Nepal to harmonize, validate and analyse the plant clinic data managed by iDE Nepal in POMS. The validation of clinic data is crucial in order to evaluate the recommendations and advice given by plant doctors to farmers through plant clinics, and ultimately to enhance the quality of recommendations for the control of insect pests and diseases through IPM. The validation of clinic data is equally important in order to record the quality of services provided by CBF plant doctors, which can be later used as a basis for providing follow-up training to CBF plant doctors at iDE Nepal.

In addition to the valuable validation session facilitated by resource personnel, the experience-sharing session on the validation of clinic data by experts from Jammu, India, was of major help in easing the practical difficulties faced in the validation of clinic data.

Overall, the workshop was a success considering the learning gained on the validation of clinic data. It was also a beneficial platform for strengthening coordination with government bodies, and for inter-country experience-sharing with the ultimate goal of providing quality services to small-holder farmers.

Read more about Plantwise in NepalIntegrated Pest management, Nepal, covid-19, digital development, plant clinics, plant doctors, smallholder agricultureAgriculture and International Development, Development communication and extension, Digital development

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Website: http://www.ippc2019.icrisat.org

IPPC 2019 HYDERABAD POSTCARD

The XIX International Plant Protection Congress will focus on crop protection technologies to mitigate the effects of climate change for food security and environment conservation. On behalf of the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences (IAPPS), ICRISAT and the Crop Protection Societies in India, the organizers are pleased to invite you to participate in IPPC2019. The program of IPPC2019 is aimed at addressing many of the key issues in crop protection being faced by the farmers to meet the challenge of food security through sustainable crop protection and conservation of the environment. We welcome your participation in this event in the historic city of Hyderabad to discuss all aspects of plant protection to mitigate the effects of global warming and climate change. We request you all to come forward, and organize a symposium or a workshop, and participate in the proceedings of the IPPC2019.

Thematic Areas

Climate change: The emerging challenge
Host plant resistance: Biochemical and molecular mechanisms
Plant protection to mitigate effects of climate change
Climate change and biodiversity
Invasive and emerging pests

Insects Vertebrates
Pathogens Weeds
Nematodes Viruses

Pest – host plant – environment interactions.

Host plant resistance in IPM
Breeding for pest resistance
Gene mapping and cloning
Transgenics for pest control
MAS for pest resistance
Metabolomics
Detection and diagnosis
Pest and pesticide management
Insect pests
Pathogens
Nematodes
Viruses
Plant quarantine and trade

Ecological engineering
Biodiversity and bio-systematics
Semio-chemicals in pest management
Decision support system
Remote sensing and modelling for pest forecasting
Biological control
Vectors of plant diseases

Biosafety of IPM technologies to the environment
Crop protection and food security
Pesticides
Bio-pesticides
Natural plant products
Natural enemies
Transgenic crops
Overcoming hunger
Reducing poverty
Access to markets
Attracting youth to crop protection sciences
plant protection
Science networks
Education and extension services
Technology transfer
Governmental policies: Production, marketing and application

The IPPC brings together plant protection science and practice from around the world every 4 years. The IPPC is broadly multidisciplinary with an emphasis on an integrated approach to plant protection. Thus, for 50+ years the IPPC has provided a forum for plant protection specialists comprising of plant pathologists, entomologists, weed scientists, nematologists, chemists and legal advisers to communicate and discuss important problems and new discoveries related to crop losses due to pests and their management. The integration of these disciplines will be reflected in the program.

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Endure

Welcome to the 27th edition of ENDURE News, the electronic newsletter from ENDURE. Please feel free to share this newsletter with colleagues.

  • ‘Inspiring’ Agroecological Crop Protection course
    Some 26 participants from 10 countries, including PhD students as well as postdocs, junior and senior researchers working in Africa, Asia, South America, Central America and Europe, attended ENDURE’s international training course on Agroecological Crop Protection (ACP) which ran from February 12 to 16, 2018.
  • ACP course sparks South-East Asian ‘twin’
    Drawing inspiration from ENDURE’s Agroecological Crop Protection (ACP) international training course held in Volterra, Italy (see story above), a ‘Twin Scientist School’ was staged in Can Tho, Vietnam, in March, providing the opportunity for 23 participants to learn more about the ACP approach, which is seen as providing important benefits for crop protection in South-East Asia.
  • Call for stakeholders to boost IPM
    A pan-European group of IPM experts has drawn on the work conducted within the three-year European Research Area Network on Coordinated Integrated Pest Management (ERA-Net C-IPM) to produce a paper outlining the steps stakeholders can take to boost IPM uptake in Europe.
  • The case for IPM breeding programmes
    European experts have called for a shake-up in the way crops are bred for Integrated Pest Management (IPM), pointing out that current private breeding programmes are mainly targeted at conventional agriculture and therefore do not produce the species and varieties more sustainable systems require.
  • Award marks Franco-Hungarian collaboration
    ENDURE coordinator Antoine Messéan has been made an Honorary Professor at Szent István University in Gödöllö, Hungary, in recognition of the long-standing collaboration between his institute, France’s National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), and the Hungarian university. It is a relationship first forged in collaborations for various Diabrotica-related European projects from 2000 and, specifically, 14 years ago during the preparation stage for the ENDURE Network of Excellence.
  • IPM central to wheat anti-resistance strategies
    EuroWheat has stressed the importance of implementing Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies in wheat as fungicide resistance continues to develop across the continent, raising concerns about the impact of Septoria tritici blotch (STB) on yields.
  • Halving pesticide use in apple orchards
    Researchers from INRA (France’s National Institute for Agricultural Research) have reported on their long-term experimental work on apple orchards, which has seen them reduce pesticide use by up to 50% through a series of measures based on increased forecasting and observation of pests and diseases.
  • £5 million boost to UK research
    Four of the United Kingdom’s leading universities and research centres have been given a £5.3 million (around €6 milllion) boost to fund their work on improving crop resilience, sustainability and quality. The recipients, including ENDURE partner Rothamsted Research (pictured), will receive the funding over the next five years to ‘help develop new technologies and environmentally friendly production for farmers and growers across the country’.
  • Biocontrol on the march in France
    French Integrated Pest Management (IPM) experts have provided an update on the biological control situation in the country, where these alternative control methods continue to be become more widely used in IPM strategies. The authors identify some of the key drivers behind these developments, including legal changes to encourage the development of new biocontrol options, major investments in both public and private research, the development of experimental networks and projects and the incorporation of biocontrol in the country’s pesticide savings certificate scheme (Certificats d’Economie de Produits de Phytopharmaceutiques or CEPP).
  • IPM ‘packages’ undergo field testing
    The EUCLID project’s Integrated Pest Management (IPM) ‘packages’ are currently undergoing field testing with farmers, offering alternative approaches for combating pests and diseases in three important crops (grapes, leafy vegetables and tomatoes).
  • JHI heads Centre of Expertise in Plant Health
    ENDURE’s Scottish partner, the James Hutton Institute (JHI), is heading up the country’s new Centre of Expertise in Plant Health, which is taking a coordinated cross-sector approach to pest monitoring and will also seek to help stakeholders improve their own plant health capabilities.
  • DiverIMPACTS: get the newsletter and flyer
    New ways of keeping up with the DiverIMPACTS project (Diversification through Rotation, Intercropping, Multiple Cropping, Promoted with Actors and value-Chains towards Sustainability) are now available with the publication of its first newsletter and the production of an informative flyer. Funded under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 programme, DiverIMPACTS brings together 34 partners from 11 countries, including farmers and farmer organisations, advisory services, cooperatives, logistics providers, scientists, industry professionals and representatives of civil society and rural areas with the aim of exploring the full potential of diversifying cropping systems and thereby improving agricultural productivity and resource efficiency and creating sustainable value chains.
  • Progress on more sustainable oilseed rape
    Two ENDURE partners have published details of their ongoing work on more sustainable methods for growing oilseed rape (OSR). INRA (France’s National Institute for Agricultural Research) has revealed details of its promising trials of accompanying winter rapeseed crops with legumes as a means of reducing weed pressure, while Germany’s Julius Kühn Institute (JKI) hosted an international workshop on ‘Clubroot disease in oilseed rape – status quo and research demand’ with an emphasis on integrated approaches.
  • Significant improvements required in NAPs
    The European Commission has urged Member States to ‘significantly’ improve their National Action Plans (NAP) to address the shortcomings identified in their review of progress on the implementation of the Pesticides Directive (2009/128/EC) and to ‘establish more precise and measurable targets’.
  • Search for SWD predators closes in
    The prospects of new biological controls to combat spotted-wing drosophila, a serious invasive pest causing extensive economic damage in berries and stone fruit, have moved a step closer thanks to two projects involving ENDURE partners.
  • Catch up with Agroecology Europe
    The first newsletter from Agroecology Europe is now available, offering reports and video from last October’s European Agroecology Forum, which brought together more than 300 farmers, researchers, students, policy makers and representatives from social movements and civil society in Lyon, France.
  • Crop loss conference: final report online
    The final report from last October’s three-day International Conference on Global Crop Losses Caused by Diseases, Pests and Weeds is now available. The event was organised by INRA, through its SMaCH (Sustainable Management of Crop Health) and GloFoodS (Transitions to Global Food Security) metaprogrammes, and in partnership with CIRAD and ISPP (International Society of Plant Pathology).
  • ‘One health’ approach to include crop pests 
    CIRAD and INRA, two of ENDURE’s French partners, have combined forces with other research and higher educational institutions to form a network to drive innovation in the control of not only crop pests but also arthropods which transmit pathogens causing infectious diseases in humans and animals.
  • New times ahead for European weed management
    Integrated weed management is the way to go for sustainable and resilient agriculture. A new Horizon 2020 project will support and promote its implementation in Europe, reports Janne Hansen, from the Department of Agroecology at Aarhus University, Denmark.
  • Agroscope trials fungi to control Japanese visitor
    Researchers from Agroscope, ENDURE’s Swiss partner, will this year be investigating whether it is feasible to control Japanese beetles in the field with a fungi that has already proved effective against May and June beetles.
  • Blight tracking results now available
    EuroBlight, the potato late blight network for Europe, has revealed the findings of its ongoing work to chart changes in the European population of the pathogen, a major effort which saw almost 1,500 samples from 16 countries genotyped in last year’s growing season.
  • Profiting from legumes
    The TRUE project has marked its first anniversary with the release of its second newsletter, bringing readers up to date with its work on ‘Transition paths to sustainable legume based systems in Europe’, which includes 24 case studies in three pedoclimatic regions across the continent (‘Atlantic’, ‘Continental’ and ‘Mediterranean’).
  • Updates for events calendar
    Nearly 20 new events have been added to ENDURE’s events calendar, including July’s 20th International Conference on Agroecology and Organic Farming, which is being held in the Swedish capital of Stockholm, and ECE 2018, the XI European Congress of Entomology, which is being staged the same month in Naples, Italy.
  • ESA 2018 to address innovative systems
    ENDURE’s Swiss partner Agroscope is leading the organisation of the XV European Society for Agronomy Congress, which runs from August 27 to 31 in the lakeside city of Geneva and will address the theme of ‘Innovative cropping and farming systems for high quality food production’.
  • EMPHASIS on LAMP technology
    The EMPHASIS project (Effective Management of Pests and Harmful Alien Species – Integrated Solutions), which is seeking practical solutions ‘to predict, to prevent and to protect agriculture and forestry systems from native and alien pests threats’, will be focusing on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) as an emerging molecular tool for the rapid in-field diagnosis of plant diseases at a summer school this July.
  • To find out more about ENDURE, visit: www.endure-network.eu

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by Sathis Sri Thanarajoo. Reblogged from CCAFS: CGIAR News blog. The Pest Smart program aims to enable farmers, particularly women and marginalized groups, to become resilient against potential pests and diseases outbreaks due to climate change. The Pest Smart program promotes the adoption of climate-smart practices that manage pests and diseases, and empowers women to be actively […]

via Women farmers in Ekxang Village equipped with pest-smart practices against pest and disease outbreaks — The Plantwise Blog

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In Rohal Suong Climate-Smart Village, adoption of ecological engineering practices has improved farmers’ ability to prevent pests and diseases outbreaks while reducing pesticides use. Every year, a great portion of Cambodian farmers’ income is at risk because of possible pests and diseases (P&D) outbreak. Aside from the inadequate knowledge of farmers, climate change aggravates the […]

via Developing pest-smart farmers in Cambodia — The Plantwise Blog

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BCPC News

Minister points to IPM and innovation as post-Brexit priorities for agriculture

14th November 2017

Delegates at this year’s BCPC Congress heard first-hand what the key pillars of post-Brexit policy would be, when the Rt. Honourable George Eustice, Minister for Agriculture, opened proceedings. 

“Defra must do what is right for UK farming,” said Mr Eustice. “With companies reluctant to invest in new products because of the uncertainty about financial returns, there are likely to be fewer products and increasing problems with pesticide resistance. It is vital that we put Integrated Pest Management (IPM) at the heart of our strategy, use pesticides more carefully and look to improve crop husbandry and soil health with better crop rotations.”

“Genetic technology may be contentious, but the UK argues strongly for applying new genetic technologies in crop production. We need to support this and other more innovative approaches to supplement our chemical pesticides. By summer 2018, a White Paper will be introduced on a new Agricultural Bill, with R&D and innovation at the heart of the approach,” advised the Minister.

Among the many leading industry figures speaking at the event, Dr Jon Knight, AHDB pointed out that few farmers had adopted IPM and most relied on conventional pesticides to be profitable, but he supported the move to biologically based IPM alongside chemical pesticides. Resistance to pesticides was difficult to combat since the range of actives had reduced. The rising costs of bringing a new active to market, compounded by the regulatory uncertainties, was a disincentive to do R&D for European markets and Dr Knight highlighted the need for a less stringent interpretation of hazard-based policies and a move to risk-based assessment.

Other speakers also strongly criticised aspects of the EU hazard-based approach to agrochemical regulation; Dr John Doe, Parker Doe partnership, showed clearly how EU classification of carcinogenicity based on hazard identification is outmoded and fails to serve society’s needs. Prof Steve Bradbury, Iowa State University, reviewed the US EPA experience where science-based risk assessment, supported by legislation, had proved acceptable to the wide range of US stakeholders in food production, consumption and the environment.

Prof. Lin Field, Rothamsted Research, highlighted worldwide concerns about bee decline and how easy it was to blame insecticides for this, despite the many interacting factors such as Varroa mites, diseases, weather and bee food availability. She outlined the ways in which misleading research findings – and associated press releases – had been used to blame neonicotinoids when the evidence was not there. Dr Peter Campbell, Syngenta and Mike Coulson, Exponent also evidenced misinterpretations of the data leading to contradictory and damaging scientific, press and regulatory responses.

As Dr Colin Ruscoe, Chairman, BCPC explained, “This year’s Congress takes place at a time of unprecedented pressure by well-funded lobby groups, some seeking a ban of all agrochemicals – despite good scientific evidence and the negative impact of such action on food production and the environment. This is evidenced by the unprecedented campaign against glyphosate, the most important and arguably the most benign of our agrochemicals. We need to support our UK government agencies in steering a difficult course, often in the face of public opinion against agricultural technologies, fuelled by misuse of science by malevolent pressure groups.”

Day Two of the Congress offered that opportunity, with the inclusion of a CRD Workshop providing delegates with the chance to discuss how an effective UK pesticide regulatory scheme post-Brexit, fully integrated with Defra’s future strategy could be structured and benefit UK agriculture. This workshop stimulated many constructive inputs for Dave Bench (CRD) and Gabrielle Edwards (Defra) to take away to help shape future regulation.

“Our industry needs to take the initiative to drive radical change, based on new technology and innovation as part of IPM – including sensing, robotics, targeted application, “smart” formulations and biopesticides,” concluded Dr Ruscoe.

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